There must be changes brought in the organization which can render meritorious developments. The organizational development is the activities done by the management to improve the performance of employees in order to achieve the goals in faster or easier methods. The features of organizational development are the planning, organization-wide activities, interference of top level management, organization health increasing, planning of interventions and application behavioral science. OD is the subdivision of human resources department through which the effectiveness and health of the entire organization is achieved. The methods includes inter personal relationships with the personnel, evaluation of various systems, identification and application of approaches to improve planned changes and finally to evaluate the present effectiveness of the interventions.
There are wide varieties of techniques followed by different organizations to bring the changes which can render organizational development. However the techniques are classified into two. One is laboratory techniques in which sensitivity training and management grid is discussed. The other non laboratory techniques are those which use their tools like survey feedback, process consultation team building and MBO. The other techniques include sensitivity training, managerial grid, survey feedback, process consultation, 3rd party peacekeeping and team building.
Management by Objectives
This technique is adopted by many organizations across the world and is abbreviated as MBOs. The achievement of the objectives of organization is highly focused in this type within the establishment. The employees are asked to perform their maximum in order to get the desired goals. The participation of each individual in the organization is ensured in an effective way. Another attraction of MBO is that both the long term and short term objectives are included in this. Emphasis is given on the effective performance by the individuals. The vision of the firm is treated as common element which is shared among all managers.