The total performance of an employee is affected by the motivation from the employers which makes the process of attaining goals easier. The inspiration given by the employer stimulates them to do their work which will eventually lead to the objectives accomplishment. Even though the instructions from the higher authority are properly communicated to the employees, it cannot be confirmed that it is followed in the correct way. Here comes the importance of motivation through which the goals are attained in harmonious atmosphere. The manager may have to give individual attention through which he or she will be able to understand the needs and emotions of the employee. Then only the right method of motivation can be chosen by the manager.
The main characteristics of the motivation are it is a continuous process, a psychological phenomenon which is based on motives, related with individual, dynamic in nature, goal oriented, complex, positive or negative in nature and social and cultural norms influences. In an organization the challenges faced by the employees can be of man kinds. Thus, the manager has to identify the method or type of motivation to be applied. The importance of motivation includes effective use of human resources, quality orientation of employees, rapport maintenance, better image, less absenteeism, less turnover, skill and knowledge improvement and willingness to work creation.
As a matter of fact, the five phases of the motivation process are need deficiency, course of action selection, employee’s performance assessment, reward or punishment and needs re evaluation. The different types of needs of the employees which must be satisfied by the employers are noted below:
1. Physiological: satisfaction of basic physical needs.
2. Safety needs: protection and security
3. Social needs: affection and love formation with others
4. Esteem needs: self-esteem and public esteem